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Bucharest (Romanian: București) is the capital and industrial and commercial center of Romania. The city is located in the southeast of the country, on the Dâmbovița River. In July 2011, the Romanian capital had a population of 1,677,985. The entire metropolis had about 2.5 million inhabitants in 2018.

Bucharest is not an old city by European standards: the first mention dates back to 1459. Bucharest has developed rapidly since then. In 1659 it became the capital of the Principality of Wallachia and in 1862 of the united Romania. It is the home of Romanian media, culture and art. Historicist, modernist, communist and postmodern styles are represented in the city's eclectic architecture. Between the World Wars, Bucharest became "Little Paris" (Micul Paris) or "Paris of the East" after the city's elegant appearance at the time. Since then, a large part of the historic center has been destroyed or damaged, first in the Second World War, later by the earthquake of 1977 and not least by the policy of systematization under Nicolae Ceaușescu, which forced whole districts to give way. Elsewhere, quite a bit of the old center remains. Bucharest has experienced an economic and cultural boom since the 1990s.

Economically, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania and is one of the most important industrial centers and traffic hubs in Eastern Europe. As the most developed city in Romania, Bucharest also has a large number of educational facilities.

Bucharest is located in the southeast of the Lower Danube Plain (better known as Romanian Plain or Wallachian Plain) in an area where the Codrii Vlăsiei was once located. Where the forest used to be, there is now fertile land. Like a number of other cities, Bucharest is built on seven hills, so in the tradition of Rome. The seven hills are: Mihai Vodă, Patriarch's Hill, Radu Vodă, Cotroceni, Spirei, Văcărești and Sfântu Gheorghe Nou.

The city has an area of 226 km². The height difference varies from 55.8 m, at the bridge over the Dâmbovița in Cățelu in the southeast of the city, to 91.5 m at the Militari Church. The city has a relatively round shape. The center of the city is approximately at Piața Universității (University Square). Bucharest's Kilometer 0 is located in front of the Sf. Gheorghe Church on Piața Sfântul Gheorghe (Sfântu Gheorghe Square). The distance from Piața Universității to all sides of the city (in a straight line) ranges from 10 to 12 km.

Earlier, the regions around Bucharest were mainly used for agriculture, but especially after 1989, suburbs started to be built in Ilfov district. The Bucharest has gradually swallowed up surrounding places.

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